Eye Prosthesis and Enucleation, Evisceration
- Eye and facial traumas, intraocular and orbital infections, intraocular and orbital tumors can cause eye loss. In these cases, the eye must be removed.
- After the contents of the eye are emptied, orbital implant is placed in order to fill the orbital cavity (evisceration), or orbital implant is placed in the formed cavity by removing the eye (enucleation).
- Babies may have one or both sides undeveloped at birth (anophthalmia)
- In the presence of anophthalmia in infants, if early intervention is not performed, the development of the eye socket, eyelid and face will be insufficient. There will be no socket where the prosthesis can sit.
- In infants with anophthalmia, an orbital implant is placed after creating a socket for the prosthesis to enter.
- After the eye socket and eye socket are prepared for the prosthesis, the prosthesis is attached.
What are Eye Prosthesis and Enucleation, Evisceration Surgery Methods?
Eye prosthesis surgeries are surgical interventions that are generally applied in cases where the eye loses its visual organ function and shrinks or if there is a tumor in the eye, the eye needs to be removed.
It is applied by emptying the inside of the eye or it is applied by removing the entire eye. We call the surgical evisceration surgery performed by emptying the eye, and the enucleation surgery if the surgery is performed by removing the entire eye.
In these surgeries, both in enucleation and evisceration, if the eye is emptied or removed, a gap will be formed in the orbital cavity.
This gap needs to be filled in order to obtain more aesthetically pleasing results. Therefore, implants suitable for the size of the other eye of the patient are placed in the orbital pit during the operation.
What Does Eye Prosthesis and Enucleation, Evisceration Surgery Do?
In cases where the eye loses its visual function, becomes smaller, or in the presence of an intraocular tumor, the eye in the eye socket must be emptied or the eye removed.
There is a void there. The gap needs to be filled with surgery. Therefore, these eye prosthesis surgeries should be performed.
After the implant is placed in the eye with a surgical operation, eye prostheses are placed on it in the next process and the patient's aesthetic concerns can be eliminated.
Sevim CAKMAK, MD
Eye Diseases Specialist
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